I would appreciate it if you could let me know specific government intervention policies that you know. With what specific ways governments interfere to businesses and private sectors hindering the free market and what is their goals each time?
An example: In Greece government prohibits imports of gas products for national security purposes. The result is the oligopoly of 2 oil & gas Greek companies. I do not know if indeed there is national danger from imported gas products or it is another false governmental policy.
By far the most significant intervention any government can do is to enact and enforce Legal Tender Laws. These laws make it impossible for individuals to use any form of money but the one created by the central bank of the country. This means that the government through the central bank can redistribute resources in the economy using preferred interest rates on loans from the central bank. And the central bank creates its own money so it can loan money to anybody it wants to.
All other interventions of any sort are completely dependent upon Legal Tender. For example every war in the 20th Century would have been completely impossible without central banking through Legal Tender Law.
The "green" movement in business is a big, red sore thumb example of it. Almost every industry has its darlings where the gov't tries to pick winners, mostly the banking industry at the moment, but also health insurance (especially in the US), education (globally) and in the energy and utilities sectors around the world.
Though I am positively predisposed towards it, the nuclear industry also feeds heavily off subsidies and artificial risk subsidisation, especially for older plants e.g. in Japan.
Freedom of markets is positively correlated with the degree of evolution in any society...
Everything here is a specific government intervention policy: http://uscodebeta.house.gov/
Everything here is also a specific government intervention policy: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/search/getfrtoc.action?selectedDate=2012-08-17
Spending money for lobbying isn't it supposed to be illegal? And since it is illegal, aren't these money transactions not transparent? So how can one say that the A company spent X money and the B company spent Y money on lobbying? Aren't those activities being secretly? How can people know the exact amount of money on lobbying?
Q: Isn't my mother and the rest owners theoretically lobbyists??
Your mother isn't theoretically a lobbyist she IS a lobbyist. Anyone can be a lobbyist. A small child who writes a government official for better food for lunch at school is a lobbyist.
i don't know your country's laws, but legality in donating money is very grey. Lobbying in the US isn't illegal at all, but paying a congressman directly for the explicit purpose of passing a law is (bribery). Now if a lobbyist goes to a congressman asks for a law and then builds a dozen public schools in that congressman's district is fine. Although like I said its a grey area and I'm not a lawyer.
also lobbying doesn't have to give politicians anything. There is a taxi cab lobbyist here in the states that gets paid 500$ an hour because he knows the ins and outs of getting in to sit and talk to politians. He tells them what he wants and why he wants it. That's lobbying.
Also a lot of donations are public and you can also make them public. When I donated to Ron Paul I put my name and profession (military). Then Ron Paul can go out and say he receives more money from active duty military than anyone else combined.