There were some taxes obviously, but quite little (even including the relatively high tariffs). Blacks and women probably didn't have full rights (though I am not sure about that since much of it involves the use of public property anyway).
There were some anti free speech laws. I think you couldn't sue polluters. Strikes were sometimes forbidden. There were some labor laws.
What other stuff?
According to this chart, government spending is 42% of the GDP (as of 2009).